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The International Institute for the Rule of Law (IIRL) is a registered Iraqi non-governmental organization (NGO) established in July 2005. Since its founding, IIRL has played a significant role in the foundation of the rule of law in Iraq. IIRL supported the drafting process for the Iraqi Constitution by facilitating international technical assistance to the Iraqi Constitutional Drafting Committee. In the area of human rights, IIRL established a Working Group with the Ministry of Human Rights to promote dialogue on developing and implementing human rights protections in the Iraqi Constitution.
Even prior to the establishment of IIRL, its key officers were involved in advocating for the re-establishment of the Judicial Council and full independence from the Ministry of Justice, which was realized in Sept. 2003. IIRL�s other Judicial reform projects include the writing of a needs assessment of court administration and case management practices in Iraqi courts. With an active and highly respected presence in Iraqi Rule of Law projects, IIRL also facilitated interaction between international donors, the Iraqi judiciary and key ministries in the Rule of Law sector.
IIRL is committed to bolstering the Rule of Law in its various manifestations during this critical transitional period in Iraq. Given the many negative forces working against the development of a civil society in this nation, the work of IIRL is critical in contributing positively to building a vibrant society securely based on the rule of law. A key element in this process is the support of the long-standing and respected judicial tradition in Iraq and the preservation of its independence. IIRL considers this a priority as well as building the internal capacity among Iraqis with courses, conferences and symposiums thus enabling the formation of internal safeguards to Rule of Law-based legislation and institutions. While the development of the Constitution passes through various stages, IIRL will continue to work in an advisory capacity in the hope of designing a document which reflects the true aspirations of the Iraqi people and guarantees the Rule of Law.
* Acknowledge and support the long and respected judicial tradition in Iraq and work to ensure its continued independence
* Bolster the Rule of Law in its various manifestations, in particular during this critical transitional period
* Build internal capacity among Iraqis with courses, conferences and symposium in order to develop internal safeguards to Rule
of Law based legislation and institutions
* Buttress efforts to develop a constitution which reflects the aspirations of the Iraqi people and guarantees the Rule of Law
RULE OF LAW
IIRL is responsible for managing Rule of Law programs in Iraq for the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), including Constitutional Review/Enabling Legislation assistance, bolstering Judicial Independence, supporting Minority Rights and introducing transitional justice concepts, such as Truth and Reconciliation.
IIRL directed International Technical Assistance for the Iraqi Constitutional Drafting Committee
IIRL conducted a Needs Assessment of Court Administration and Case Management in Iraqi courts
RULE OF LAW / Int�l Support
IIRL facilitated interaction between the donor community, the Higher Judicial Council and key ministries in the Rule of Law Sectoral Working Group
Activities of Key Officers (in Iraq since 2003, prior to the establishment of IIRL)
LEGAL EDUCATION REFORM
For 3 Law Schools (at Baghdad, Basra and Sulaimaniya Universities) and under the auspices of DePaul University�s International Human Rights Law Institute (IHRLI) and funding from USAID:
* Renovated/modernized law libraries,
* Established moot courts,
* Studied and proposed national legal curriculum reforms,
* Coordinated Summer Abroad program for 40 law school deans and law professors,
* Conducted 5 Rule of Law seminars on contemporary legal issues in Iraq such as:
- Ethics and the Legal Profession
- Property Claims
- Constitutional Law
- Post-Conflict Justice
- Role of the Iraqi Bar Association in Defending Human Rights
Petitioned for the re-establishment of an independent judiciary as had existed prior to 1979 and Ba�ath party rule. These efforts were successful and in September 2003, the independent Judicial Council was re-established and all of the courts were moved out of the Ministry of Justice and therefore became totally separate from the Executive authority. Once again, Iraq now has a fully independent judicial authority.